It works!

This is the default welcome page used to test the correct operation of the Apache2 server after installation on Ubuntu systems. It is based on the equivalent page on Debian, from which the Ubuntu Apache packaging is derived. If you can read this page, it means that the Apache HTTP server installed at this site is working properly. You should replace this file (located at /var/www/html/index.html) before continuing to operate your HTTP server.

If you are a normal user of this web site and don't know what this page is about, this probably means that the site is currently unavailable due to maintenance. If the problem persists, please contact the site's administrator.

Configuration Overview

Ubuntu's Apache2 default configuration is different from the upstream default configuration, and split into several files optimized for interaction with Ubuntu tools. The configuration system is fully documented in /usr/share/doc/apache2/README.Debian.gz. Refer to this for the full documentation. Documentation for the web server itself can be found by accessing the manual if the apache2-doc package was installed on this server.

The configuration layout for an Apache2 web server installation on Ubuntu systems is as follows:

|-- apache2.conf
|       `--  ports.conf
|-- mods-enabled
|       |-- *.load
|       `-- *.conf
|-- conf-enabled
|       `-- *.conf
|-- sites-enabled
|       `-- *.conf
  • apache2.conf is the main configuration file. It puts the pieces together by including all remaining configuration files when starting up the web server.
  • ports.conf is always included from the main configuration file. It is used to determine the listening ports for incoming connections, and this file can be customized anytime.
  • Configuration files in the mods-enabled/, conf-enabled/ and sites-enabled/ directories contain particular configuration snippets which manage modules, global configuration fragments, or virtual host configurations, respectively.
  • They are activated by symlinking available configuration files from their respective *-available/ counterparts. These should be managed by using our helpers a2enmod, a2dismod, a2ensite, a2dissite, and a2enconf, a2disconf . See their respective man pages for detailed information.
  • The binary is called apache2. Due to the use of environment variables, in the default configuration, apache2 needs to be started/stopped with /etc/init.d/apache2 or apache2ctl. Calling /usr/bin/apache2 directly will not work with the default configuration.
Document Roots

By default, Ubuntu does not allow access through the web browser to any file apart of those located in /var/www, public_html directories (when enabled) and /usr/share (for web applications). If your site is using a web document root located elsewhere (such as in /srv) you may need to whitelist your document root directory in /etc/apache2/apache2.conf.

The default Ubuntu document root is /var/www/html. You can make your own virtual hosts under /var/www. This is different to previous releases which provides better security out of the box.

Reporting Problems

Please use the ubuntu-bug tool to report bugs in the Apache2 package with Ubuntu. However, check existing bug reports before reporting a new bug.

Please report bugs specific to modules (such as PHP and others) to respective packages, not to the web server itself.

Jem Cain | for City Councillor Ward 6, Etobicoke-Lakeshore
All Candidates Meeting

Monday, October 18, 2010
from 7:00 P.M. to 9:00 P.M.

At The Assembly Hall, 1 Colonel Samuel Smith Park Drive (Kipling and Lakeshore)

Jem Cain
Welcome to

I am running for City Councillor, Ward 6,

I will be your voice at City Hall and for
a new way of doing things.

Together we can change City Hall.


Dear Friends and Neighbours,

My heartfelt thanks for your support and help – hours, days, weeks and months of dedication and work, and to everyone who voted for me or took a sign to show their support.

We ran an amazing campaign based on community, care and concern for our neighbours, our ward and our city.

Our campaign has heart!

We live in the best corner of Toronto with the very best neighbours. I have met so many people who are committed to our community and city and have a wonderful vision for the future.

Over the next four years we will continue the great community work we have been doing, and in 2014 we will challenge the status quo and work to make great changes again.


Take care.




Neighbourhood Letters ALERT!

We're ecstatic to hear you are reading our neighbourhood letters…. but must apologize for the mis-deliveries on some streets. Despite great planning and organizing by our team, Canada Post made some delivery errors so some letters were delivered to the wrong streets.


Jem cares about YOUR community. Please click on the links below to see her vision for your neighbourhood:



Humber Bay Shores

Long Branch

New Toronto


North Mimico

Do you want:

  • A constituency office in your ward?
  • A Councillor who works with all stakeholders to find workable solutions?
  • A Councillor who is accountable, available and puts the community first?
  • A Councillor who is passionate, smart, genuine and hardworking?

 It’s time for change.  

Vote Jem Cain, City Councillor, Ward 6


I am running for City Councillor, Ward 6, Etobicoke-Lakeshore.

I will be your voice at City Hall and for a new way of doing things.

I will speak for the people of Alderwood, Long Branch, New Toronto, Mimico and Humber Bay Shores.

For too long, our voices have not been heard at City Hall. I guarantee that will change if I am your councillor.

I believe:

  • New development should reflect the character of the surrounding neighbourhoods and the community’s vision, not developers’ profits.
  • Recreation programs should be affordable and meet all of our needs.
  • We need improved TTC service for the Lakeshore, including enhanced streetcar service. I use public transit regularly.
  • Our hard-earned tax dollars must be used wisely. I will publish my expenses, my voting and attendance records. You will always know exactly how I am working for you at City Hall.
  • I will keep regular hours in the community to provide access to constituents so that we can meet and talk.

Together we can change City Hall.

Jem Cain